Arrival of rain and monsoon gives us joy and much needed relief from dry hot summer. But monsoon is always accompanied with a lot of humidity, sweating, stickiness and moisture all around. The moist environment is very good media for growth of fungi and moulds. Fungi can be the cause of fungal infection anywhere in the skin surface. The initial fungal infection can invite secondary bacterial infection which can travel to deeper tissues leading to damage and decaying called necrosis of deeper tissues like fascia and ligaments.
One needs to be careful during monsoon for their general health, like eating habits, personal hygiene and sanitation. As skin diseases are common during monsoon. One needs to take extra care of their feet, because it is a common place to have fungal infection. Fungal infection of feet is also called as Athlete's foot. Moist, smelly feet are other common conditions one comes across during monsoon.
Common source of dampness and moisture in feet during monsoon is because of excessive sweating, wearing wet shoes for hours after exposing shoes to dirty water, while walking on roads full of stagnated water and poor personal hygiene.
In India there are more than 50 million people having diabetes. There are about 40,000 amputations every year because of diabetes in India. As everybody knows wound healing is delayed in diabetics, so diabetic patients should protect their feet from any kind of trauma, infection or any other insult. Half of the amputations are because of negligence or because of casual attitude of people about preventive diabetic foot care. Nearly 60% of diabetic have decreased or complete loss of sensation in the feet called as numbness or neuropathy. Patient may complain of burning, tingling, numbness, crawling of insect like feeling in feet or walking in a mattress like feeling which are an indicator of weakness of nerves carrying sensation for pain, touch, temperature, position and vibration. Irritability of nerves gives above mentioned symptoms to the patient For diabetic patients it becomes very important to take care of their feet, as rightly said "if you have diabetes, take care of your feet as you take care of your face". Diabetic patients should be more careful about their feet during Monsoon as small fungal infection if neglected may invite secondary bacterial infection which may travel down to deeper facial planes of feet leading to severe tissue damage which may even require amputation.